FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
|12 Months Ended|
Jan. 28, 2017
|FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS|
|FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS||
15. FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The authoritative guidance for fair value measurements establishes a three‑tier fair value hierarchy, categorizing the inputs used to measure fair value. The hierarchy can be described as follows: Level 1- observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets; Level 2 - inputs other than the quoted prices in active markets that are observable either directly or indirectly; and Level 3- unobservable inputs in which there is little or no market data, which require the reporting entity to develop its own assumptions. The fair value hierarchy also requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value.
Assets and Liabilities that are Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis
Derivative financial instruments are comprised of (1) foreign currency forward exchange contracts primarily entered into to minimize our foreign currency exposure related to forecasted purchases of certain inventories denominated in a currency different from the operating entity’s functional currency, (2) foreign currency forward exchange contracts primarily entered into to minimize our foreign currency exposure related to forecasted revenues from our UK operations denominated in a currency different from the UK’s functional currency and (3) an interest rate swap agreement to minimize our exposure to interest rate changes on our outstanding indebtedness. These derivative financial instruments are recorded in the consolidated balance sheets at fair value based upon observable market inputs. Derivative financial instruments in an asset position are included within other current assets in the consolidated balance sheets. Derivative financial instruments in a liability position are included within accrued expenses and other current liabilities or noncurrent liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets. See Note 16 for further information regarding our derivative instruments.
Assets and Liabilities that are Measured at Fair Value on a Non‑Recurring Basis
Long‑lived assets, such as property and equipment, goodwill and identifiable intangibles, are periodically evaluated for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. If the asset carrying amount exceeds its fair value, an impairment charge is recognized in the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the fair value of the asset. As discussed in Note 1, during fiscal 2016 and 2015, we incurred $16.5 million and $27.5 million, respectively, of asset impairment charges related to our retail segment. The estimated fair value of the impaired long-lived assets related to these stores was $0.9 million and $1.6 million as of January 28, 2017 and January 30, 2016, respectively. We estimated the fair value of the long-lived assets based on an income approach using projected future cash flows discounted using a weighted-average cost of capital analysis that reflects current market conditions. The fair values of long‑lived assets held‑for‑use are based on our own judgments about the assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset and on observable market data, when available. We classify these measurements as Level 3 within the fair value hierarchy.
In addition, during fiscal 2016, we recorded a $2.9 million impairment charge related to a long-lived asset reclassified as held for sale, which is included within asset impairment charges in our consolidated statement of earnings (loss). We estimated the fair value of the asset held for sale, which is $2.1 million as of January 28, 2017, using market values for similar assets which would fall within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
Our financial instruments consist of cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable, accrued expenses and other current liabilities and long-term debt. Management estimates that, as of January 28, 2017 and January 30, 2016, the carrying value of cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued expenses and other current liabilities approximated their fair value due to the highly liquid or short‑term nature of these instruments.
The fair values of our Term Loan were valued based upon observable market data provided by a third party for similar types of debt, which we classify as a Level 2 input within the fair value hierarchy. The fair value of our Senior Notes is based on quoted prices in active markets, which we classify as Level 1 input within the fair value hierarchy. The table below shows the fair value and carrying value of our long-term debt (in thousands):
The entire disclosure for the fair value of financial instruments (as defined), including financial assets and financial liabilities (collectively, as defined), and the measurements of those instruments as well as disclosures related to the fair value of non-financial assets and liabilities. Such disclosures about the financial instruments, assets, and liabilities would include: (1) the fair value of the required items together with their carrying amounts (as appropriate); (2) for items for which it is not practicable to estimate fair value, disclosure would include: (a) information pertinent to estimating fair value (including, carrying amount, effective interest rate, and maturity, and (b) the reasons why it is not practicable to estimate fair value; (3) significant concentrations of credit risk including: (a) information about the activity, region, or economic characteristics identifying a concentration, (b) the maximum amount of loss the entity is exposed to based on the gross fair value of the related item, (c) policy for requiring collateral or other security and information as to accessing such collateral or security, and (d) the nature and brief description of such collateral or security; (4) quantitative information about market risks and how such risks are managed; (5) for items measured on both a recurring and nonrecurring basis information regarding the inputs used to develop the fair value measurement; and (6) for items presented in the financial statement for which fair value measurement is elected: (a) information necessary to understand the reasons for the election, (b) discussion of the effect of fair value changes on earnings, (c) a description of [similar groups] items for which the election is made and the relation thereof to the balance sheet, the aggregate carrying value of items included in the balance sheet that are not eligible for the election; (7) all other required (as defined) and desired information.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef