Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets

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Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets
3 Months Ended
May 02, 2020
Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets  
Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets

3.  Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets

Goodwill

Changes in the net carrying amount of goodwill for the three months ended May 2, 2020 are as follows (in thousands):

    

Total

Balance at February 1, 2020

$

79,271

Goodwill impairment charge

(78,029)

Translation adjustment

 

(1,242)

Balance at May 2, 2020

$

Goodwill is evaluated for impairment at least annually. A more frequent evaluation is performed if events or circumstances indicate that impairment could have occurred. Such events or circumstances could include, but are not limited to, new significant negative industry or economic trends, unanticipated changes in the competitive environment, decisions to significantly modify or dispose of operations and a significant sustained decline in the market price of our stock.  As of February 1, 2020, goodwill totaled $79.3 million, with $58.3 million allocated to our Men’s Wearhouse reporting unit and $21.0 million allocated to our Moores reporting unit.  

During the first quarter of 2020, we determined that a triggering event occurred as we concluded that the length of time that the market price of our common stock had been depressed constituted a significant sustained decline in our market capitalization.  In addition, the impact of COVID-19 on our sales, profitability and cash flows resulted in a reduction to our operating forecasts reflecting the uncertainty of the current environment.  As a result, we performed an interim goodwill impairment test.

After completion of the interim goodwill impairment test, we concluded that goodwill was fully impaired and recorded a non-cash goodwill impairment charge of $78.0 million during the first quarter of 2020, which is included as a separate line on the condensed consolidated statement of (loss) earnings.  As of May 2, 2020, May 4, 2019, and February 1, 2020, accumulated goodwill impairment totaled $858.0 million, $780.0 million and $780.0 million, respectively.  

Consistent with the procedures followed in our annual impairment test, we estimated the fair values of each of our reporting units using a combined income and market comparable approach.  Our income approach uses projected future cash flows

that are discounted using a weighted-average cost of capital analysis that reflects current market conditions.  The market comparable approach primarily considers earnings and other multiples of comparable companies and applies those multiples to certain key drivers of the reporting unit.  We believe these two approaches are appropriate valuation techniques and we weighted the two approaches equally as an estimate of reporting unit fair value for the purposes of our impairment testing.  

Management judgment is a significant factor in the goodwill impairment evaluation process. The computations require management to make estimates and assumptions. Critical assumptions used in the interim impairment test included:

The potential future cash flows of the reporting unit.  The income approach relies on the timing and estimates of future cash flows. The projections use management’s estimates of economic and market conditions over the projected period, including growth rates in revenue, gross margin and expense (all Level 3 inputs in the fair value hierarchy).  During the first quarter of 2020, our estimates of the potential future cash flows for our reporting units were significantly reduced reflecting the impact of COVID-19.  
Selection of an appropriate discount rate.  The income approach requires the selection of an appropriate discount rate, which is based on a weighted-average cost of capital analysis. The discount rate is affected by changes in short-term interest rates and long-term yield as well as variances in the typical capital structure of marketplace participants. The weighted-average cost of capital used to discount the cash flows for the interim goodwill impairment test was 10.0% for the Men’s Wearhouse reporting unit and 10.5% for the Moores reporting unit, which are 100 and 50 basis points, respectively, higher than the last annual test, reflecting the increasing uncertainty resulting from COVID-19.
Selection of comparable companies within the industry.  The determination of the market comparable involves a degree of judgment. Historically, for purposes of the market comparable approach, valuations were determined by calculating average earnings multiples of relevant key drivers from a group of companies that are comparable to the reporting unit being tested and applying those earnings multiples to the key drivers of the reporting unit. For the interim goodwill impairment test, based on our estimates of the future cash flows of the reporting units, we determined that revenue multiples should also be used for the market comparable approach.  For the Men’s Wearhouse reporting unit, a revenue multiple of 0.2 and an earnings multiple of 2.2 were used.  For the Moores reporting unit, a revenue multiple of 0.2 was used.  The decrease in the market multiples of comparable companies within the industry also primarily reflects the impact of COVID-19 and an increasingly uncertain environment.
Reconciliation of the total fair values of our reporting units to our market capitalization.  After completing an estimate of the fair value of each reporting unit, we also compared the total fair value of all of our reporting units to our market capitalization, including consideration of a control premium. As a result of the significant sustained decline in our market capitalization, the implied control premium identified in this reconciliation process was not within a reasonable range.  

Intangible Assets

The gross carrying amount and accumulated amortization of our identifiable intangible assets are as follows (in thousands):

    

May 2,

    

May 4,

February 1,

    

2020

    

2019

    

2020

 

Amortizable intangible assets:

Carrying amount:

Trademarks, tradenames and franchise agreements

$

13,506

$

13,506

$

13,506

Accumulated amortization:

Trademarks, tradenames and franchise agreements

 

(9,910)

 

(9,723)

 

(9,863)

Total amortizable intangible assets, net

 

3,596

 

3,783

 

3,643

Indefinite-lived intangible assets:

Trademarks and tradename

 

23,300

 

143,200

 

113,200

Total intangible assets, net

$

26,896

$

146,983

$

116,843

During the first quarter of 2020, based on the impact of COVID-19 on the performance of the Jos. A. Bank brand, we determined that a triggering event occurred related to our Jos. A. Bank tradename, an indefinite-lived intangible asset.  As a result, we completed an interim impairment test, which resulted in a non-cash impairment charge of $89.9 million, which is included together with the goodwill impairment charge in a separate line on the condensed consolidated statement of (loss) earnings.  As of May 2, 2020, the book value of the Jos. A. Bank tradename is $23.3 million.

If events or circumstances change that would more likely than not reduce the fair value of our Jos. A. Bank tradename, we may be required to record additional impairment charges, which could have a material effect on our results of operations and financial condition.  

We estimated the fair value of the Jos. A. Bank tradename based on an income approach using the relief-from-royalty method.  This approach is dependent upon a number of factors, including estimates of future growth and trends, royalty rates, discount rates and other variables.  For the interim impairment test, our estimates of the revenues and profitability associated with the Jos. A. Bank brand were significantly reduced, primarily reflecting the impact of COVID-19.  In addition, we reduced the royalty rate used to estimate the fair value of the Jos. A. Bank tradename to 0.5%, reflecting the impact of the uncertain environment resulting from COVID-19.  The weighted-average cost of capital used to discount the cash flows for the interim goodwill impairment test was 14.0%, which is 100 basis points higher than the last annual test, also reflecting the increasing uncertainty resulting from COVID-19.

Amortization expense associated with intangible assets subject to amortization totaled less than $0.1 million for the three months ended May 2, 2020 and May 4, 2019. Amortization expense associated with intangible assets subject to amortization at May 2, 2020 is estimated to be $0.1 million for the remainder of fiscal 2020, and $0.2 million each year for fiscal years 2021-2025.