Fair Value Measurements
|3 Months Ended|
May 02, 2020
|Fair Value Measurements|
|Fair Value Measurements||
16. Fair Value Measurements
Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The authoritative guidance for fair value measurements establishes a three-tier fair value hierarchy, categorizing the inputs used to measure fair value. The hierarchy can be described as follows: Level 1- observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets; Level 2- inputs other than the quoted prices in active markets that are observable either directly or indirectly; and Level 3- unobservable inputs in which there is little or no market data, which require the reporting entity to develop its own assumptions. The fair value hierarchy also requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value.
Assets and Liabilities that are Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis
At May 2, 2020, derivative financial instruments are comprised of interest rate swap agreements to minimize our exposure to interest rate changes on our outstanding indebtedness and foreign currency forward exchange contracts primarily entered into related to our direct sourcing programs, specifically related to the Canadian dollar.
These derivative financial instruments are recorded in the condensed consolidated balance sheets at fair value based upon observable market inputs, primarily pricing models based on current market rates. Derivative financial instruments in an asset position are included within other current assets or other assets in the condensed consolidated balance sheets. Derivative financial instruments in a liability position are included within accrued expenses and other current liabilities or noncurrent liabilities in the condensed consolidated balance sheets. Please see Note 17 for further information regarding our derivative instruments.
Assets and Liabilities that are Measured at Fair Value on a Non-Recurring Basis
Long-lived assets, such as property and equipment, operating lease right-of-use assets and identifiable intangibles, are periodically evaluated for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. If the asset carrying amount exceeds its fair value, an impairment charge is recognized in the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the fair value of the asset.
In addition to the impairment charges described in Note 3, we also incurred asset impairment charges related to long-lived assets at our stores. During the three months ended May 2, 2020, primarily as a result of COVID-19, we determined that certain long-lived assets at our stores were unable to recover their carrying amount reflecting the impact of the temporary store closures and the expectation that such impact will be significantly unfavorable to our business for at least the remainder of 2020. As a result, for the three months ended May 2, 2020, we incurred $26.3 million of asset impairment charges which are included in a separate line on the condensed consolidated statement of (loss) earnings. During the three months ended May 4, 2019, we incurred $0.2 million of asset impairment charges related to underperforming stores.
We estimated the fair value of the long-lived assets based on an income approach using projected future cash flows discounted using a weighted-average cost of capital analysis that reflects current market conditions, which we classify as Level 3 within the fair value hierarchy.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
Our financial instruments consist of cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable, accrued expenses and other current liabilities and our Term Loan and Senior Notes. Management estimates that, as of May 2, 2020, May 4, 2019, and February 1, 2020, the carrying value of our financial instruments, other than our Term Loan and Senior Notes, approximated their fair value due to the highly liquid or short-term nature of these instruments. We believe that the borrowings under our ABL Facility approximate their fair value because interest rates are adjusted on a short-term basis.
The fair values of our Term Loan were valued based upon observable market data provided by a third party for similar types of debt, which we classify as a Level 2 input within the fair value hierarchy. The fair value of our Senior Notes is based on quoted prices in active markets, which we classify as a Level 1 input within the fair value hierarchy. The table below shows the fair value and carrying value of our long-term debt, including current portion (in thousands):
The entire disclosure for the fair value of financial instruments (as defined), including financial assets and financial liabilities (collectively, as defined), and the measurements of those instruments as well as disclosures related to the fair value of non-financial assets and liabilities. Such disclosures about the financial instruments, assets, and liabilities would include: (1) the fair value of the required items together with their carrying amounts (as appropriate); (2) for items for which it is not practicable to estimate fair value, disclosure would include: (a) information pertinent to estimating fair value (including, carrying amount, effective interest rate, and maturity, and (b) the reasons why it is not practicable to estimate fair value; (3) significant concentrations of credit risk including: (a) information about the activity, region, or economic characteristics identifying a concentration, (b) the maximum amount of loss the entity is exposed to based on the gross fair value of the related item, (c) policy for requiring collateral or other security and information as to accessing such collateral or security, and (d) the nature and brief description of such collateral or security; (4) quantitative information about market risks and how such risks are managed; (5) for items measured on both a recurring and nonrecurring basis information regarding the inputs used to develop the fair value measurement; and (6) for items presented in the financial statement for which fair value measurement is elected: (a) information necessary to understand the reasons for the election, (b) discussion of the effect of fair value changes on earnings, (c) a description of [similar groups] items for which the election is made and the relation thereof to the balance sheet, the aggregate carrying value of items included in the balance sheet that are not eligible for the election; (7) all other required (as defined) and desired information.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef