Fair Value Measurements
|12 Months Ended|
Jan. 28, 2012
|Fair Value Measurements [Abstract]|
|FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS||
Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The authoritative guidance for fair value measurements establishes a three-tier fair value hierarchy, categorizing the inputs used to measure fair value. The hierarchy can be described as follows: Level 1- observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets; Level 2- inputs other than the quoted prices in active markets that are observable either directly or indirectly; and Level 3- unobservable inputs in which there is little or no market data, which require the reporting entity to develop its own assumptions. The fair value hierarchy also requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value.
Effective January 31, 2010, we adopted enhanced disclosure requirements for fair value measurements. We adopted the second phase of the enhanced disclosure requirements for fair value measurements effective January 30, 2011. There were no transfers into or out of Level 1 and Level 2 during the year ended January 28, 2012 or January 29, 2011.
Assets and Liabilities that are Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis
Cash equivalents consist of money market instruments that have original maturities of three months or less. The carrying value of cash equivalents approximates fair value due to the highly liquid and short-term nature of these instruments.
Derivative financial instruments are comprised of foreign currency forward exchange contracts primarily entered into to minimize our foreign currency exposure related to forecasted purchases of certain inventories denominated in a currency different from the operating entity’s functional currency. We also evaluate Company and counterparty risk in determining fair value. Our derivative financial instruments are recorded in the consolidated balance sheets at fair value based upon observable market inputs. Derivative financial instruments in an asset position are included within other current assets in the consolidated balance sheets. Derivative financial instruments in a liability position are included within accrued expenses and other current liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets. Refer to Note 13 for further information regarding our derivative instruments.
Assets and Liabilities that are Measured at Fair Value on a Non-Recurring Basis
Long-lived assets, such as property and equipment and identifiable intangibles with finite useful lives, are periodically evaluated for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. If the asset carrying amount exceeds its fair value, an impairment charge is recognized in the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the fair value of the asset. The fair values of long-lived assets held-for-use are based on our own judgments about the assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset and on observable market data, when available. We classify these measurements as Level 3 within the fair value hierarchy.
Assets are grouped and evaluated for impairment at the lowest level at which cash flows are identifiable, which is generally at a store level. Fair value is determined using an income approach, which requires discounting the estimated future cash flows associated with the asset. Estimating future cash flows requires us to make assumptions and to apply judgment, including forecasting future sales, costs and useful lives of assets. Significant judgment is also involved in selecting the appropriate discount rate to be applied in determining the estimated fair value of an asset. The discount rate is commensurate with the risk that selected market participants would assign to the estimated cash flows. The selected market participants represent a group of other retailers with a store footprint similar to ours.
The following table presents the non-financial assets measured at estimated fair value on a non-recurring basis and any resulting realized losses included in earnings. Because long-lived assets are not measured at fair value on a recurring basis, certain carrying amounts and fair value measurements presented in the table may reflect values at earlier measurement dates and may no longer represent the fair values at January 28, 2012 or January 29, 2011.
The realized loss relates to impaired store assets in our retail segment and is reflected as “Asset impairment charges” in the consolidated statement of earnings. Refer to “Impairment of Long-Lived Assets” in Note 1 for additional information.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
Our financial instruments, other than those presented in the disclosures above, consist of cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable, accrued expenses and other current liabilities. Management estimates that, as of January 28, 2012 and January 29, 2011, the carrying value of cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable, accrued expenses and other current liabilities approximate their fair value due to the highly liquid or short-term nature of these instruments.
The entire disclosure for the fair value of financial instruments (as defined), including financial assets and financial liabilities (collectively, as defined), and the measurements of those instruments as well as disclosures related to the fair value of non-financial assets and liabilities. Such disclosures about the financial instruments, assets, and liabilities would include: (1) the fair value of the required items together with their carrying amounts (as appropriate); (2) for items for which it is not practicable to estimate fair value, disclosure would include: (a) information pertinent to estimating fair value (including, carrying amount, effective interest rate, and maturity, and (b) the reasons why it is not practicable to estimate fair value; (3) significant concentrations of credit risk including: (a) information about the activity, region, or economic characteristics identifying a concentration, (b) the maximum amount of loss the entity is exposed to based on the gross fair value of the related item, (c) policy for requiring collateral or other security and information as to accessing such collateral or security, and (d) the nature and brief description of such collateral or security; (4) quantitative information about market risks and how such risks are managed; (5) for items measured on both a recurring and nonrecurring basis information regarding the inputs used to develop the fair value measurement; and (6) for items presented in the financial statement for which fair value measurement is elected: (a) information necessary to understand the reasons for the election, (b) discussion of the effect of fair value changes on earnings, (c) a description of [similar groups] items for which the election is made and the relation thereof to the balance sheet, the aggregate carrying value of items included in the balance sheet that are not eligible for the election; (7) all other required (as defined) and desired information.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef